- Wong RJ, Jain MK, Therapondos G, Niu BL, Kshirsagar O, Thamer M
- Background: Timely initiation of antiviral therapy in chronic hepatitis B virus (CHB) reduces risk of disease progression. We evaluate overall treatment rates and predictors of treatment among treatment-eligible safety-net CHB patients.Methods: We retrospectively evaluated adults with CHB from 2010 to 2018 across 4 large safety-net health systems in the United States. CHB was identified with ICD-9/10 diagnosis coding and confirmed with laboratory data. Treatment eligibility was determined using American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) guidelines. Comparison of CHB treatment rates among treatment-eligible patients were performed using chi(2) testing, Kaplan Meier methods and log-rank testing. Adjusted multivariate Cox proportional hazards models evaluated independent predictors of receiving treatment among eligible patients.Results: Among 5157 CHB patients (54.7% male, 34.6% African American, 22.3% Asian), 46.8% were treatment-eligible during the study period. CHB treatment rates were 48.4% overall and 37.3% among CHB patients without human immunodeficiency virus. Significantly lower odds of treatment were observed in females versus males (odds ratio: 0.40, 95% confidence interval: 0.33-0.49, P<0.001) and patients age 65 years or above versus age below 45 years (odds ratio: 0.68, 95% confidence interval: 0.51-0.92, P=0.012). Conversely, significantly greater odds of treatment were observed in African American and Asians versus non-Hispanic whites, CHB patients with indigent care versus commercially insured patients, and non-English speaking versus English speaking patients.Conclusion: Among a large multicentered, safety-net cohort of CHB patients, 46.8% of treatment-eligible CHB patients overall and 37.3% of treatment-eligible CHB patients without human immunodeficiency virus received antiviral therapy. Improving CHB treatment rates among treatment-eligible patients represents "low hanging fruit," given the clear benefits of antiviral therapy in mitigating disease progression.
- GASTROENTEROLOGY & HEPATOLOGY Category
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