Glennon SE, Ram K, Gupta T, Iwanaga J, Dumont AS, Small JE, Sahni D, Tubbs RS
BACKGROUND: Internal bands of the basilar artery (BA) have been rarely studied. Because bands could have obvious consequences in patient diagnosis and care, the present multiinstitutional cadaveric study was performed.METHODS: The intraluminal bands of BAs were studied in 80 cadaveric specimens derived from India (Group 1) and the United States (Group 2). Their orientation within the vessel was recorded. Measurements included the length of the BA, diameter of the BA, intraluminal band length and thickness, and distance of the band to the vertebrobasilar junction. Selected bands were submitted for histologic analysis.RESULTS: In Group 1, an intraluminal band (all vertically oriented) was identified in 16.6%. The mean length and thickness of the bands were 2.04 mm and 1.33 mm, respectively. These bands were located at a mean distance of 1.74 mm superior to the vertebrobasilar junction. In Group 2, an intraluminal band was identified in 6%. One band was vertically positioned, and 2 were horizontally positioned. The mean length and thickness of the bands were 2.5 mm and 0.9 mm, respectively. These latter bands were located at a mean distance of 223 mm superior to the vertebrobasilar junction. Histologically, the bands were essentially extensions of the tunica media and interna of the artery.CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this study is the first multiethnic study of the prevalence and morphometry of the BA bands. A better understanding of these bands may help reveal their relationship to thrombus and aneurysmal formation and their impact on endovascular procedures.