Long-Term Outcomes After Atrial Switch Operation for Transposition of the Great Arteries Article

Full Text via DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2022.06.020 Web of Science: 000870686300004

Cited authors

  • Broberg CS, van Dissel A, Minnier J, Aboulhosn J, Kauling RM, Ginde S, Krieger EV, Rodriguez F, Gupta T, Shah S, John AS, Cotts T, Kay WA, Kuo M, Dwight C, Woods P, Nicolarsen J, Sarubbi B, Fusco F, Antonova P, Fernandes S, Grewal J, Cramer J, Khairy P, Gallego P, O'Donnell C, Hannah J, Dellborg M, Rodriguez-Monserrate CP, Vonder Muhll I, Pylypchuk S, Magalski A, Han F, Lubert AM, Kay J, Yeung E, Roos-Hesselink J, Baker D, Celermajer DS, Burchill LJ, Wilson WM, Wong J, Kutty S, Opotowsky AR


  • BACKGROUND For patients with d-loop transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) with a systemic right ventricle after an atrial switch operation, there is a need to identify risks for end-stage heart failure outcomes.OBJECTIVES The authors aimed to determine factors associated with survival in a large cohort of such individuals.METHODS This multicenter, retrospective cohort study included adults with d-TGA and prior atrial switch surgery seen at a congenital heart center. Clinical data from initial and most recent visits were obtained. The composite primary outcome was death, transplantation, or mechanical circulatory support (MCS).RESULTS From 1,168 patients (38% female, age at first visit 29 +/- 7.2 years) during a median 9.2 years of follow-up, 91 (8.8% per 10 person-years) met the outcome (66 deaths, 19 transplantations, 6 MCS). Patients experiencing sudden/arrhythmic death were younger than those dying of other causes (32.6 +/- 6.4 years vs 42.4 +/- 6.8 years; P < 0.001). There was a long duration between sentinel clinical events and end-stage heart failure. Age, atrial arrhythmia, pacemaker, biventricular enlargement, systolic dysfunction, and tricuspid regurgitation were all associated with the primary outcome. Independent 5-year predictors of primary outcome were prior ventricular arrhythmia, heart failure admission, complex anatomy, QRS duration >120 ms, and severe right ventricle dysfunction based on echocardiography.CONCLUSIONS For most adults with d-TGA after atrial switch, progress to end-stage heart failure or death is slow. A simplified prediction score for 5-year adverse outcome is derived to help identify those at greatest risk. (C) 2022 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.

Publication date

  • 2022

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0735-1097

Number of pages

  • 13

Start page

  • 951

End page

  • 963


  • 80


  • 10