Mapping One Million COVID-19 Deaths and Unhealthy Lifestyle Behaviors in the United States: Recognizing the Syndemic Pattern and Taking Action Article

Full Text via DOI: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2022.06.006 Web of Science: 000878495700013

Cited authors

  • Arena R, Pronk NP, Laddu D, Whitsel LP, Sallis JF, Lavie CJ, HL PIVOT Network


  • Tragically, the United States (US) surpassed one million documented deaths due to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. A convincing association between unhealthy lifestyle behaviors and poorer outcomes associated with COVID-19 infection has already been demonstrated and communicated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in public health messaging. The US is experiencing not a pan-demic, but a syndemic, specifically an unhealthy lifestyle behaviors-chronic diseases-COVID-19 syn-demic. This syndemic has almost certainly significantly contributed to the more than one million deaths the United States has experienced during the pandemic. Decades of a high prevalence of unhealthy life-style behaviors laid the foundation for our current unfortunate situation by increasing vulnerability to a novel virus, especially among subgroups who have been historically marginalized. As such, a major path-way to defeating this syndemic is through the promotion of healthy living behaviors for all. Now is the time for action appropriate to meet the demands of a syndemic and a new path forward to a healthier and more equitable future.(c) 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. center dot The American Journal of Medicine (2022) 135:1288-1295

Publication date

  • 2022

Published in

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9343

Number of pages

  • 8

Start page

  • 1288

End page

  • 1295


  • 135


  • 11