Noninvasive neuromonitoring with rheoencephalography: a case report Article

Full Text via DOI: 10.1007/s10877-023-00985-8 Web of Science: 000950248700001

Cited authors

  • Cannizzaro LA, Iwuchukwu I, Rahaman V, Hirzallah M, Bodo M


  • Cerebral blood flow (CBF) autoregulation (AR) can be monitored using invasive modalities, such as intracranial pressure (ICP) and arterial blood pressure (ABP) to calculate the CBF AR index (PRx). Monitoring PRx can reduce the extent of secondary brain damage in patients. Rheoencephalography (REG) is an FDA-approved non-invasive method to measure CBF. REGx, a CBF AR index, is calculated from REG and arm bioimpedance pulse waves. Our goal was to test REG for neuromonitoring. 28 measurement sessions were performed on 13 neurocritical care patients. REG/arm bioimpedance waveforms were recorded on a laptop using a bioimpedance amplifier and custom-built software. The same program was used for offline data processing. Case #1: The patient's mean REGx increased from - 0.08 on the first day to 0.44 on the second day, indicating worsening intracranial compliance (ICC) (P < 0.0001, CI 0.46-0.58). Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) was 5 on both days. Case #2: REGx decreased from 0.32 on the first recording to 0.07 on the last (P = 0.0003, CI - 0.38 to - 0.12). GCS was 7 and 14, respectively. Case #3: Within a 36-minute recording, REGx decreased from 0.56 to - 0.37 (P < 0.0001, 95%, CI - 1.10 to - 0.76). Central venous pressure changed from 14 to 9 mmHg. REG pulse wave morphology changed from poor ICC to good ICC morphology. Bioimpedance recording made it possible to quantify the active/passive status of CBF AR, indicate the worsening of ICC, and present it in real time. REGx can be a suitable, non-invasive alternative to PRx for use in head-injured patients.

Publication date

  • 2023

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1387-1307

Number of pages

  • 10