Overall survival and toxicity of hepatocellular carcinoma Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer B patients receiving Y90 radioembolization: analysis of the radiation-emitting SIR-spheres in non-resectable liver tumor (RESiN) registry Article

Full Text via DOI: 10.21037/jgo-22-972 Web of Science: 000990556800001

Cited authors

  • Adeniran OR, Nguyen CN, Perez TH, Frantz SK, Matsuoka L, Du LP, Gandhi RT, Collins ZS, Matrana MR, Petroziello M, Brower JS, Sze DY, Kennedy AS, Golzarian J, Wang EA, Brown DB


  • Background: To evaluate overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) and toxicity after resin Yttrium-90 (Y-90) radioembolization in Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer B (BCLC B) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients using the Bolondi subgroup classification.Methods: A total of 144 BCLC B patients were treated between 2015-2020. Patients were broken into 4 subgroups by tumor burden/liver function tests with 54, 59, 8 and 23 in subgroups 1, 2, 3 and 4. OS and PFS were calculated with Kaplan-Meier analysis with 95% confidence intervals. Toxicities were assessed using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v5.Results: Prior resection and chemoembolization were performed in 19 (13%) and 34 (24%) of patients. There were no deaths within 30 days. Median OS and PFS for the cohort were 21.5 and 12.4 months. Median OS was not reached for subgroup 1 at a mean 28.8 months, and was 24.9, 11.0 and 14.6 months for subgroups 2-4 (chi 2=19.8, P=0.0002). PFS by BCLC B subgroup was 13.8, 12.4, 4.5, and 6.6 months (chi 2=16.8, P=0.0008). The most common Grade 3 or 4 toxicities were elevated bilirubin (n=16, 13.3%) and decreased albumin (n=15, 12.5%). Grade 3 or greater bilirubin (32% vs. 10%, P=0.03) and albumin (26% vs. 10%, P=0.03) toxicity were more common in the subgroup 4 patients.Conclusions: The Bolondi subgroup classification stratifies OS, PFS and development of toxicity in patients treated with resin Y-90 microspheres. OS in subgroup 1 approaches 2.5 years and Grade 3 or greater hepatic toxicity profile in subgroups 1-3 is low.

Publication date

  • 2023

Published in

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2078-6891

Number of pages

  • 12