Global Real-World Outcomes of Patients Receiving Immuno-Oncology Combinations for Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma: The ARON-1 Study Article

Full Text via DOI: 10.1007/s11523-023-00978-2 Web of Science: 001015527100001

Cited authors

  • Santoni M, Massari F, Myint ZW, Iacovelli R, Pichler M, Basso U, Kopecky J, Kucharz J, Buti S, Rizzo M, Galli L, Buettner T, De Giorgi U, Kanesvaran R, Fiala O, Grande E, Zucali PA, Fornarini G, Bourlon MT, Scagliarini S, Molina-Cerrillo J, Aurilio G, Matrana MR, Pichler R, Cattrini C, Buechler T, Seront E, Calabro F, Pinto A, Berardi R, Zgura A, Mammone G, Ansari J, Atzori F, Chiari R, Bamias A, Caffo O, Procopio G, Bassanelli M, Merler S, Messina C, Kueronya Z, Mosca A, Bhuva D, Vau N, Incorvaia L, Rebuzzi SE, Roviello G, Zabalza IO, Rizzo A, Mollica V, Sorgentoni G, Monteiro FSM, Montironi R, Battelli N, Porta C


  • BackgroundImmuno-oncology combinations have achieved survival benefits in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC).ObjectiveThe ARON-1 study (NCT05287464) was designed to globally collect real-world data on the use of immuno-combinations as first-line therapy for mRCC patients.Patients and MethodsPatients aged & GE; 18 years with a cytologically and/or histologically confirmed diagnosis of mRCC treated with first-line immuno-combination therapies were retrospectively included from 47 International Institutions from 16 countries. Patients were assessed for overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall clinical benefit (OCB).ResultsA total of 729 patients were included; tumor histology was clear-cell RCC in 86% of cases; 313 patients received dual immuno-oncology (IO + IO) therapy while 416 were treated with IO-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (IO + TKI) combinations. In the overall study population, the median OS and PFS were 36.5 and 15.0 months, respectively. The median OS was longer with IO+TKI compared with IO+IO therapy in the 616 patients with intermediate/poor International mRCC Database Consortium (IMDC) risk criteria (55.7 vs 29.7 months; p = 0.045). OCB was 84% for IO+TKI and 72% for IO + IO combination (p < 0.001).ConclusionsOur study may suggest that immuno-oncology combinations are effective as first-line therapy in the mRCC real-world context, showing outcome differences between IO + IO and IO + TKI combinations in mRCC subpopulations.

Publication date

  • 2023

Published in

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1776-2596

Number of pages

  • 12