Use of Preventive Cardiovascular Health Care Among Asian American Individuals: A National Health Interview Survey Study Article

Full Text via DOI: 10.1016/j.cpcardiol.2022.101241 Web of Science: 001022391900001

Cited authors

  • Kianoush S, Al-Rifai M, Kalra A, Anupama BK, Mehta A, Sadaf MI, Misra A, Khalid U, Lavie CJ, Kayani W, Virani SS


  • The risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) varies across Asian Americans. Het-erogeneity in preventive health care use may have a role in health disparity across Asian American popula-tions. We included 318,069 White, Chinese, Asian Indian, Filipino, and 'other Asian' (Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese) participants with and without a self-reported history of ASCVD or ASCVD risk factors (including hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and diabetes) from 2006 to 2018 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). We used multivariable logistic regres-sion models adjusted for age, sex, US birth, education, insurance coverage, and a comorbidity score to assess the association between Asian American race/ethnicity and annual health care use. Adjusted odds ratios (aOR) with 95% confidence intervals were reported. Of the total, 187,093 participants did not report ASCVD or ASCVD risk factors (mean age, 40.2 & PLUSMN;0.1 years; 52% women), and 130,976 participants reported ASCVD or ASCVD risk factors (mean age, 58.3 & PLUSMN;0.9 years; 49.5% women). Compared with White individuals, among the group without ASCVD or ASCVD risk factors (N=187,093), 'other Asian' adults were less likely to visit a general practitioner (aOR=0.80, 0.72-0.89), or check blood pressure (aOR=0.77, 0.66-0.89), blood cholesterol (aOR=0.80, 0.70-0.92), and fasting blood sugar (aOR=0.73, 0.63-0.84). Among participants with ASCVD or ASCVD risk factors (N=130,976), Asian Indian adults were more likely to visit a general practitioner (aOR=1.29, 1.01-1.66), or check blood pressure (aOR=1.27, 0.83-1.96), blood cholesterol (aOR=1.46, 1.00-2.15), and fasting blood sugar (aOR=1.49, 1.11-1.99). Annual pre-ventive health care use is heterogeneous across the Asian American populations. (Curr Probl Cardiol 2023;48:101241.)

Publication date

  • 2023

Published in

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0146-2806

Number of pages

  • 15


  • 48


  • 8