Switching to iGlarLixi Versus Continuing Daily or Weekly GLP-1 RA in Type 2 Diabetes Inadequately Controlled by GLP-1 RA and Oral Antihyperglycemic Therapy: The LixiLan-G Randomized Clinical Trial Article

Full Text via DOI: 10.2337/dc19-1357 PMID: 31530665 Web of Science: 000491450200018
Industry Collaboration International Collaboration

Cited authors

  • Blonde, Lawrence; Rosenstock, Julio; Del Prato, Stefano; Henry, Robert; Shehadeh, Naim; Frias, Juan; Niemoeller, Elisabeth; Souhami, Elisabeth; Li, Chen; Aroda, Vanita R.


  • OBJECTIVE Fixed-ratio combinations of basal insulin plus glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist (GLP-1 RA) allow concomitant administration of two proven complementary injectable therapies for type 2 diabetes. This study investigated switching to a titratable fixed-ratio combination of insulin glargine plus lixisenatide (iGlarLixi) in patients with type 2 diabetes receiving daily or weekly GLP-1 RA therapy. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS LixiLan-G, a randomized, open-label, 26-week trial, compared switching to iGlarLixi versus continuing prior GLP-1 RA in patients with type 2 diabetes and HbA(1c) 7-9% (53-75 mmol/mol) taking maximum tolerated doses of a GLP-1 RA daily (60% on liraglutide once daily or exenatide twice daily) or weekly (40% on dulaglutide, exenatide extended release, or albiglutide) with metformin with or without pioglitazone and with or without sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors. Adherence to randomized treatment was closely monitored throughout the study. RESULTS iGlarLixi (n = 257) reduced HbA(1c) more than continued GLP-1 RA therapy (n = 257) from a baseline 7.8% (62 mmol/mol) in both to 6.7% (50 mmol/mol) and 7.4% (57 mmol/mol), respectively, at 26 weeks (least squares mean difference -0.6%; P < 0.0001). More iGlarLixi patients achieved HbA(1c) <7% (53 mmol/mol) (62% vs. 26%; P < 0.0001) and the composite of HbA(1c) <7% without documented symptomatic hypoglycemia (<54 mg/dL). Nausea and vomiting rates as well as numbers of documented symptomatic hypoglycemia events per patient-year were generally low but greater with iGlarLixi versus continued GLP-1 RA therapy. CONCLUSIONS Switching to iGlarLixi improves glucose control for patients with type 2 diabetes insufficiently controlled on a maximum tolerated dose of a GLP-1 RA plus oral antihyperglycemic agents.

Publication date

  • 2019

Published in

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0149-5992

Start page

  • 2108

End page

  • 2116


  • 42


  • 11