Yeager, Valerie A.; Wharton, Mary Kristina; Monnette, Alisha; Price-Haywood, Eboni G.; Nauman, Elizabeth; Angove, Rebekah S. M.; Shi, Lizheng
Diabetes and its comorbidities are leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States and disproportionately in Louisiana. Chronic care management (CCM) efforts, such as care coordination models, are important initiatives in mitigating the impact of diabetes, such as poorer health outcomes and increased costs. This study examined one such effort, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' non-face-to-face CCM reimbursement program, for patients with diabetes and at least 1 other chronic condition in Louisiana. This qualitative study included interviews with patients in this program and health care providers and system leaders implementing the program. Results include lessons learned from health system leadership relating to CCM design and implementation, challenges experienced, overlapping initiatives, perceived benefits, performance, billing, and health information technology. Another key finding is that co-pays seem to be a barrier to patient interest in participation in non-face-to-face CCM, especially given that the value of the program is not completely clear to patients. A common strategy to address this co-pay barrier is to target dual eligibles, as Medicaid will cover the co-pay. However, widespread use of such strategies may indirectly exclude individuals who need and may also benefit from non-face-to-face CCM.