El Chafic, Abdul; El Hajj, Ihab I.; DeWitt, John; Schmidt, Christian M.; Siddiqui, Ali; Sherman, Stuart; Aggarwal, Ashish; Al-Haddad, Mohammad
Background: Cyst growth of BD-IPMNs on follow-up imaging remains a concerning sign.; Aims: To describe cyst size changes over time in BD-IPMNs, and determine whether cyst growth rate is associated with increased risk of malignancy.; Methods: This is a retrospective study performed at two high volume tertiary centers. Mean cyst size at baseline (MCSB) and mean growth rate percentage (MGRP) were calculated. Rapid cyst growth was defined as MGRP >= 30%/year. Patient and cyst related characteristics were studied.; Results: 160 patients were followed for a median of 27.4 (12-114.5) months. MCSB was 15.1 +/- 8.0 mm. During follow-up, 73 (45.6%) showed any cyst size increase, of which 15 cysts (9.4%) exhibited MGRP >= 30%/year. Rapid cyst growth was not associated with patient or cyst characteristics. Cyst fluid molecular analysis from 101 cysts showed KRAS mutation in 26. Compared to KRAS-negative cysts, neither MCSB (16.0 mm vs. 17.7 mm; p = 0.3) nor MGRP (3.9%/year vs. 5.8%/year; p = 0.7) was significantly different. Eighteen patients underwent surgery; 15 (83%) had LGD, and 3 had advanced neoplasia. Two cysts with LGD and one cyst with advanced neoplasia had MGRP >= 30%/year.; Conclusion: Increase in BD-IPMNs size was not associated with the known high risk patient or cystrelated characteristics. Rapid growth of BD-IPMNs was not associated with advanced neoplasia on surgical pathology. (c) 2018 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.