Gold-Loaded Nanoporous Ferric Oxide Nanocubes with Peroxidase-Mimicking Activity for Electrocatalytic and Colorimetric Detection of Autoantibody Article

Full Text via DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b02880 PMID: 28892622 Web of Science: 000413392500050
International Collaboration

Cited authors

  • Masud, Mostafa Kamal; Yadav, Sharda; Isam, Md. Nazmul; Nam-Trung Nguyen; Salomon, Carlos; Kline, Richard; Alamri, Hatem R.; Alothman, Zeid A.; Yamauchi, Yusuke; Hossain, Md. Shahriar A.; Shiddiky, Muhammad J. A.


  • The enzyme-mimicking activity of iron oxide based nanostructures has provided a significant advantage in developing advanced molecular sensors for biomedical and environmental applications. Herein, we introduce the horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-like activity of gold-loaded nanoporous ferric oxide nanocubes (Au-NPFe2O3NC) for the development of a molecular sensor with enhanced electrocatalytic and colorimetric (naked eye) detection of autoantibodies. The results showed that Au NPFe2O3NC exhibits enhanced peroxidase-like activity toward the catalytic oxidation of 3,3',5,5'-tertamethylbenzidine (TMB) in the presence of H2O2 at room temperature (25 degrees C) and follows the typical Michaelis Menten kinetics. The autoantibody sensor based on this intrinsic property of Au NPFe2O3NC resulted in excellent detection sensitivity [limit of detection (LOD) = 0.08 U/mL and reproducibility [percent relative standard deviation (% RSD) = <5% for n = 3] for analyzing p53-specific autoantibodies using electrochemical and colorimetric (naked eye) readouts. The clinical applicability of the sensor has been tested in detecting p53-specific autoantibody in plasma obtained from patients with epithelial ovarian cancer high-grade serous subtype (EOCHGS, number of samples = 2) and controls (benign, number of samples = 2). As Au NPFe2O3NC possess high peroxidase-like activity for the oxidation of TMB in the presence of H2O2 [TMB is a common chromogenic substrate for HRP in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs)], we envisage that our assay could find a wide range of application in developing ELISA-based sensing approaches in the fields of medicine (i.e., detection of other biomarkers the same as p53 autoantibody), biotechnology, and environmental sciences.

Publication date

  • 2017

Published in


International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0003-2700

Start page

  • 11005

End page

  • 11013


  • 89


  • 20