- Thobhani, Salman; Scalercio, Lauren; Elliott, Clint E.; Nossaman, Bobby D.; Thomas, Leslie C.; Yuratich, Dane; Bland, Kim; Osteen, Kristie; Patterson, Matthew E.
- Background: Novel regional techniques, including the adductor canal block (ACB) and the local anesthetic infiltration between the popliteal artery and capsule of the knee (IPACK) block, provide an alternative approach for controlling pain following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This study compared 3 regional techniques (femoral nerve catheter [FNC] block alone, FNC block with IPACK, and ACB with IPACK) on pain scores, opioid consumption, performance during physical therapy, and hospital length of stay in patients undergoing TKA.; Methods: All patients had a continuous perineural infusion, either FNC block or ACB. Patients in the IPACK block groups also received a single injection 30-mL IPACK block of 0.25% ropivacaine. Pain scores and opioid consumption were recorded at postanesthesia care unit discharge and again at 8-hour intervals for 48 hours. Physical therapy performance was measured on postoperative days (POD) 1 and 2, and hospital length of stay was recorded.; Results: We found no significant differences in the 3 groups with regard to baseline patient demographics. Although we observed no differences in pain scores between the 3 groups, opioid consumption was significantly reduced in the FNC with IPACK group. Physical therapy performance was significantly better on POD 1 in the ACB with IPACK group compared to the other 2 groups. Hospital length of stay was significantly shorter in the ACB with IPACK group.; Conclusion: This study demonstrated that an IPACK block reduced opioid consumption by providing effective supplemental analgesia following TKA compared to the FNC-only technique. ACB with IPACK provided equivalent analgesia and improved physical therapy performance, allowing earlier hospital discharge.
- The Ochsner Journal Journal
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