Comparative safety and efficacy of statins for primary prevention in human immunodeficiency virus-positive patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis Article

Full Text via DOI: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehv734 PMID: 26851703 Web of Science: 000394002400015
International Collaboration

Cited authors

  • Gili, Sebastiano; Marra, Walter Grosso; D'Ascenzo, Fabrizio; Lonni, Enrica; Calcagno, Andrea; Cannillo, Margherita; Ballocca, Flavia; Cerrato, Enrico; Pianelli, Martina; Barbero, Umberto; Mancone, Massimo; DiNicolantonio, James J.; Lavie, Carl J.; Omede, Pierluigi; Montefusco, Antonio; Bonora, Stefano; Gasparini, Mauro; Biondi-Zoccai, Giuseppe; Moretti, Claudio; Gaita, Fiorenzo


  • The efficacy and safety of different statins for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients in the primary prevention setting remain to be established. In the present meta-analysis, 18 studieswith 736 HIV-positive patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) and treated with statins in the primary prevention setting were included (21.0% women, median age 44.1 years old). The primary endpoint was the effect of statin therapy on total cholesterol (TC) levels. Rosuvastatin 10 mg and atorvastatin 10 mg provided the largest reduction in TC levels [mean -1.67, 95% confidence interval (CI) (-1.99, -1.35) mmol/L; and mean -1.44, 95% CI (-1.85, -1.02) mmol/L, respectively]. Atorvastatin 80 mg and simvastatin 20 mg provided the largest reduction in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) [mean -2.10, 95% CI (-3.39, -0.81) mmol/L; and mean -1.57, 95% CI (-2.67, -0.47) mmol/L, respectively]. Pravastatin 10-20 mg [mean 0.24, 95% CI (0.10, 0.38) mmol/L] and atorvastatin 10 mg [mean 0.15, 95% CI (0.007, 0.23) mmol/L] had the largest increase in high-density lipoprotein, whereas atorvastatin 80 mg [mean -0.60, 95% CI (-1.09, -0.11) mmol/L] and simvastatin 20 mg [mean -0.61, 95% CI (-1.14, -0.08) mmol/L] had the largest reduction in triglycerides. The mean discontinuation ratewas 0.12 per 100 person-years [95% CI (0.05, 0.20)], and was higher with atorvastatin 10 mg [26.5 per 100 person-years, 95% CI (-13.4, 64.7)]. Meta-regression revealed that nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors-sparing regimens were associated with reduced efficacy for statin's ability to lower TC. Statin therapy significantly lowers plasma TC and LDL levels in HIV-positive patients and is associated with low rates of adverse events. Statins are effective and safe when dose-adjusted for drug-drug interactions with cART.

Publication date

  • 2016

Published in

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0195-668X

Start page

  • 3600

End page

  • 3609


  • 37


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