The Impact of Cardiorespiratory Fitness Levels on the Risk of Developing Atherogenic Dyslipidemia Article

Full Text via DOI: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2016.05.017 PMID: 27288861 Web of Science: 000386334100033

Cited authors

  • Breneman, Charity B.; Polinski, Kristen; Sarzynski, Mark A.; Lavie, Carl J.; Kokkinos, Peter F.; Ahmed, Ali; Sui, Xuemei


  • BACKGROUND: Low cardiorespiratory fitness has been established as a risk factor for cardiovascular-related morbidity. However, research about the impact of fitness on lipid abnormalities, including atherogenic dyslipidemia, has produced mixed results. The purpose of this investigation is to examine the influence of baseline fitness and changes in fitness on the development of atherogenic dyslipidemia.; METHODS: All participants completed at least 3 comprehensive medical examinations performed by a physician that included a maximal treadmill test between 1976 and 2006 at the Cooper Clinic in Dallas, Texas. Atherogenic dyslipidemia was defined as a triad of lipid abnormalities: low high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol ([HDL-C] <40 mg/dL), high triglycerides ([TGs] >= 200 mg/dL), and high low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol ([LDL-C] >= 160 mg/dL).; RESULTS: A total of 193 participants developed atherogenic dyslipidemia during an average of 8.85 years of follow-up. High baseline fitness was protective against the development of atherogenic dyslipidemia in comparison with those with low fitness (odds ratio [OR] 0.57; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.37-0.89); however, this relationship became nonsignificant after controlling for baseline HDL-C, LDL-C, and TG levels. Participants who maintained fitness over time had lower odds of developing atherogenic dyslipidemia than those with a reduction in fitness (OR 0.56; 95% CI, 0.34-0.91) after adjusting for baseline confounders and changes in known risk factors.; CONCLUSIONS: High fitness at baseline and maintenance of fitness over time are protective against the development of atherogenic dyslipidemia. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Publication date

  • 2016

Published in

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0002-9343

Start page

  • 1060

End page

  • 1066


  • 129


  • 10