Parto, Parham; Lavie, Carl J.; Arena, Ross; Ventura, Hector O.
Within the past few decades, the syndrome of heart failure (HF) was recognized as an emerging epidemic and in recent investigations has been distinguished as a major public health problem. Alarming epidemiological data further expound the important need for HF prevention research and programs. There has been recent interest regarding the utility of exercise training in the prevention and treatment of risk factors associated with HF development and progression, such as hypertension (HTN), coronary heart disease (CHD)/myocardial infarction (MI), and obesity. Physical fitness (PF), including muscular fitness and, especially, cardiorespiratory fitness, have recently been shown to promote overall cardiovascular (CV) health, improve quality of life, reduce depression, reduce CV diseases (CVD), and reduce CVD- and all-cause mortality.