Rosenthal, Todd M.; Stahls, Paul F.; Samra, Freddy M. Abi; Bernard, Michael L.; Khatib, Sammy; Polin, Glenn M.; Xue, Joel Q.; Morin, Daniel P.
BACKGROUND The electrocardiographic T-wave peak to T-wave end interval (Tpe) correlates with dispersion of ventricular repolarization (DVR). Increased DVR increases propensity toward electrical reentry that can cause ventricular tachyarrhythmia. The baseline rate-corrected Tpe (Tpe(c)) has been shown to predict ventricular tachyarrhythmia and death in multiple patient populations but not among cardiomyopathic patients undergoing insertion of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) for primary prevention.; OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to assess the risk stratification ability of the Tpe, in patients with systolic cardiomyopathy without prior ventricular tachyarrhythmia (ie, the primary prevention population).; METHODS We performed prospective follow-up of 305 patients (73% men; left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF] 23 +/- 7%) with LVEF <35% and an ICD implanted for primary prevention. Baseline ECGs were analyzed with automated algorithms. Endpoints were ventricular tachycardia (VT)/ventricular fibrillation (VF), death, and a combined endpoint of VT/VF or death, assessed by device follow-up and Social Security Death Index query.; RESULTS The average Tpe(c) was 107 +/- 22 ms. During device clinic follow-up of 31 +/- 23 months, 82 patients (27%) had appropriate ICD therapy for VT/VF, and during mortality follow-up of 49 +/- 21 months, 91 patients (30%) died. On univariable analysis, Tpe, predicted VT/VF, death, and the combined endpoint of VT/VF or death (P < .05 for each endpoint). Multivariable analysis included univariable predictors among demographics, clinical data, Laboratory data, medications used, and electrocardiography parameters. After correction, Tpe(c) remained predictive of VT/VF (hazard ratio [HR] per 10-ms increase 1.16, P = .009), all-cause mortality (HR per 10 ms 1.13, P = .05), and the combined endpoint (HR per 10 ms 1.17, P = .001).; CONCLUSION Tpe, independently predicts both VT/VF and overall mortality in patients with systolic dysfunction and ICDs implanted for primary prevention.