Effect of rate-adaptive pacing on performance and physiological parameters during activities of daily living in the elderly: results from the CLEAR (Cylos Responds with Physiologic Rate Changes during Daily Activities) study Article

Full Text via DOI: 10.1093/europace/eus425 PMID: 23419655 Web of Science: 000319468300020

Cited authors

  • Abi-Samra, Freddy M.; Singh, Narendra; Rosin, Benjamin L.; Dwyer, Jerome V.; Miller, Crystal D.


  • For most elderly pacemaker patients, evaluation of rate-adaptive pacing using treadmill and bicycle tests is impractical and not representative of typical daily activities. This study was designed to compare the performance and physiological response of the closed-loop stimulation (CLS) rate-adaptive sensor to accelerometer (XL) and no rate sensor (DDD) during typical daily activity testing.; Subjects recently implanted with a Cylos pacemaker completed timed activities of daily life testing, which included walking, sweeping, and standing from a seated position. Activity performance and physiological response from each sensor mode was evaluated for subjects requiring 80 pacing. Overall, 74 subjects needed 80 pacing during at least one test. An increase in the area swept (CLS vs. XL, 1.67 m(2) difference, P 0.009; CLS vs. DDD, 1.59 m(2) difference, P 0.025) and a decrease in the prevalence of orthostatic hypotension (OH) after standing 1 min (CLS vs. XL, odds ratio 0.16, P 0.006; CLS vs. DDD, odds ratio 0.18, P 0.012) was observed in the CLS mode as compared with XL and DDD. No statistical difference in walk distance was observed between CLS and XL or CLS and DDD.; In acute testing, as compared with XL and DDD, CLS provides a more physiological response during the performance of activities of daily living for subjects with 80 pacing. This is clinically reflected in better performance during the sweep test as well as a decrease in the prevalence of OH in our elderly population.; Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT00355797.

Publication date

  • 2013

Published in

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1099-5129

Start page

  • 849

End page

  • 856


  • 15


  • 6