Perampanel: expanding therapeutic options for patients with medically refractory secondary generalized convulsive seizures Article

Full Text via DOI: 10.1111/ane.12103 PMID: 23480155 Web of Science: 000316141200007

Cited authors

  • Ko, D.; Ramsay, R. E.


  • To evaluate the efficacy of adjunctive, once-daily perampanel against secondarily generalized (SG) seizures in three PhaseIII trials (studies 304, 305, and 306) and their extension (study 307). The PhaseIII studies enrolled patients (12years) with uncontrolled partial-onset seizures despite treatment with 13 concomitant antiepileptic drugs. Patients completing the core PhaseIII studies were eligible for the extension study. Endpoints included median percent change in SG seizure frequency, 50% responder (proportion of patients achieving a 50% reduction in SG seizure frequency), 75% response, and seizure-freedom rates. In total, 1480 patients were randomized and treated in the three perampanel PhaseIII trials. At baseline, 71.9% of placebo-treated and 68.4% of perampanel-treated patients had a history of SG seizures. In the individual core PhaseIII studies, perampanel (412mg) reduced seizure frequency and improved responder rates. Consistent with this, in pooled analyses of the PhaseIII data, the median percent change in SG seizure frequency was 48.6%, 62.9%, and 53.3% with perampanel 4, 8, and 12mg, respectively, vs 19.4% with placebo; 50% responder rates were 49.3%, 60.5%, and 53.7% vs 37.0% with placebo. More perampanel-treated patients had 75% reductions in SG seizure frequency, and seizure-freedom rates improved, compared with placebo. Improvements in seizure frequency and responder rate were maintained during the extension study. Perampanel consistently demonstrated efficacy against SG seizures when assessed using various endpoints. Furthermore, reductions in seizure frequency and improvements in responder rate were sustained with long-term perampanel treatment.

Publication date

  • 2013

Published in


International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0001-6314

Start page

  • 36

End page

  • 43


  • 127