No Cerebral or Cervical Venous Insufficiency in US Veterans With Multiple Sclerosis Article

Full Text via DOI: 10.1001/archneurol.2011.185 PMID: 21825217 Web of Science: 000297993500004

Cited authors

  • Marder, Ellen; Gupta, Pramod; Greenberg, Benjamin M.; Frohman, Elliot M.; Awad, Amer M.; Bagert, Bridget; Stueve, Olaf


  • Objective: To determine if chronic cerebral venous insufficiency exists in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) using ultrasonography and 4-dimensional color Doppler ultrasonography examination and unverified criteria proposed by Zamboni et al.; Design: Patients with MS and clinically isolated syndrome were matched by age and sex with subjects with migraine or no neurological disease. All subjects underwent gray-scale, color, and spectral Doppler ultrasonography examination of the internal jugular veins (IJVs), vertebral veins, and deep cerebral veins for stenosis, absence of signal, and reflux.; Setting: Academic MS center.; Patients: All patients with MS fulfilled revised McDonald criteria for the diagnosis of MS. Patients with clinically isolated syndrome exhibited a typical transient focal neurological deficit and had magnetic resonance imaging lesions typical of MS. Control subjects were recruited from the VA migraine clinic or staff.; Main Outcome Measures: Five parameters of venous outflow used by Zamboni et al were examined: (1) IJV or vertebral vein reflux, (2) deep cerebral vein reflux, (3) IJV stenosis, (4) absence of flow in IJVs or vertebral veins, and (5) change in cross-sectional area of the IJV with postural change.; Results: There was no significant difference in the number and type of venous outflow abnormalities in patients with MS compared with controls.; Conclusion: This study does not support the theory that chronic cerebral venous insufficiency exists in MS.; Arch Neurol. 2011; 68(12): 1521-1525. Published online August 8, 2011. doi:10.1001/archneurol.2011.185

Publication date

  • 2011

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0003-9942

Start page

  • 1521

End page

  • 1525


  • 68


  • 12