Social Perception and Academic Trends on Women in the Field of Neurosurgery: A Bibliometric Analysis Article

Full Text via DOI: 10.1016/j.wneu.2021.04.056 Web of Science: 000679507400007
International Collaboration

Cited authors

  • Carpenter K, Scullen T, Mathkour M, Dumont AS, Biro E, Kahn L


  • -BACKGROUND: The ongoing trend of societal evolution in contemporary civilization has allowed increased inclusion of heterogenous identity groups into fields, such as neurosurgery, where certain groups have traditionally been u nderrepresented. In regard to the field of neurosurgery, the increasing recognition of the disparities faced by women is illustrated by a growing body of academic literature. -METHODS: We conducted a bibliometric analysis querying the PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase databases for articles on women in neurosurgery using the MeSH terms "woman," "women," "gender," neurosurgery," neurological surgery," and "neurosurgeon." Articles were excluded if they did not concern societal impact of nonmale population in the context of neurosurgery. Total citations, mean citations per year, publishing journal information, and author demographics were abstracted from included reports. Associations between abstracted continuous variables were evaluated using the Pearson correlation coefficient. Derived P values < 0.05 were taken as significant. -RESULTS: A total of 49 articles were included. Total n umbers of citations per report were positively associated with mean citations per year (r = 0.7289, P = 0.0253), the latter of which was slightly negatively associated with the age of the report (r = -0.0413, P = 0.0009). Age of publication year was found to be negatively correlated with the n umber of reports published per year (r = -0.648, P = 0.0066). Total citations per reports were significantly correlated with increased numbers of citations during the last completed calendar year (2019: r = 0.8956, P = 0.0397). CONCLUSIONS: Recognition in societal evolutionary trends as evidenced by academic activity has shown increased focus on the explicit and intrinsic biases faced by women in neurosurgery. Recent years have seen significant increases in published reports concerning the subject, as well as rising academic impact per a given report. This phenomenon is speculated to continue, and understanding to broaden as societal perception continues to develop.

Publication date

  • 2021

Published in

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1878-8750

Number of pages

  • 8

Start page

  • 154

End page

  • 161


  • 152