Changes in urinary kidney injury molecule-1 levels after blood transfusions in preterm infants Article

Full Text via DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-91209-z Web of Science: 000662235400012
Open Access

Cited authors

  • Turner SS, Davidson JM, Elabiad MT


  • Literature supports an association between transfusions and gut injury in preterm infants. We hypothesized that packed red blood (PRBC) transfusions are associated with kidney inflammation marked by a rise in urinary levels of Kidney Injury Molecule 1 (KIM-1). Prospectively, KIM-1 levels were measured before and then at 6, 12 and 24 h after a PRBC transfusion. Results are presented as mean (+/- SD) and median (IQR). Thirty-four infants, birth weight 865 (+/- 375) g, had higher pretransfusion KIM-1 levels of 2270 (830, 3250) pg/mg than what is normal for age. These were not associated with hematocrit levels. KIM-1 levels peaked between 6 and 12 h after the transfusion. Levels peaked to 3300 (1990, 6830) pg/mg; levels returned to pretransfusion levels of 2240 (1240, 3870) pg/mg by 24 h, p<0.01. The 24-h post-transfusion KIM-1 levels were similar to pretransfusion levels, p=0.63. PRBC transfusions in preterm infants are associated with an elevation in urinary KIM-1 levels. The mechanism of this association may be important in studying transfusion associated organ injury. KIM-1, as an inflammatory marker, may be helpful in assessing the effect of different transfusion volumes or in evaluating operational thresholds of anemia in premature infants.

Publication date

  • 2021

Published in

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2045-2322

Number of pages

  • 7


  • 11


  • 1