Socioeconomic Status and Survival in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: A Population-Based Study Article

Full Text via DOI: 10.1002/lary.29702 Web of Science: 000664545400001

Cited authors

  • Brody-Camp S, McCoul ED, Lefante JJ, Aslam R


  • Objectives/Hypothesis To evaluate survival for nasopharyngeal carcinoma in relation to socioeconomic status. Study Design Retrospective cohort study using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Census Tract-level Socioeconomic Status Database (2000-2016). Methods Patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma diagnosed between 2000 and 2016 were identified. Data were stratified based on socioeconomic status, divided into three groups: group 1 being the poorest and group 3 the wealthiest. Univariate analysis as well as multivariate Cox regression analysis adjusted for individual variables was performed. Results A total of 5,527 patients were included in the study, with 33% in group 1, 34% in group 2, and 33% in group 3. There was a significant difference between groups in regard to age at diagnosis, race, histologic subtype, overall stage, tumor stage, nodal stage, and whether or not they received radiation. Patients in group 1, the poorest socioeconomic status, were more likely to be young (P = .003), black (P < .0001), present with higher overall stage (P = .009), tumor stage (P = .01), and nodal stage (P = .02), and less likely to receive radiation (P = .005). In multivariate analysis, there was a significant difference in survival between the groups, with group 1 patients less likely to survive compared to group 3 (hazard ratio = 1.28; 95% CI 1.07-1.57). Conclusions Patients in the poorest socioeconomic status presented with more advanced nasopharyngeal cancer and were less likely to receive radiation when compared with individuals of higher socioeconomic status. The poorest socioeconomic status groups were less likely to survive from their disease when controlling for other variables. Level of Evidence NA Laryngoscope, 2021

Publication date

  • 2021

Published in

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0023-852X

Number of pages

  • 5