The Vascular Quality Initiative assessment of the Bard Lifestent for the treatment of popliteal artery occlusive disease Article

Full Text via DOI: 10.1016/j.jvs.2023.08.122 Web of Science: 001117635800001

Cited authors

  • Bertges DJ, Eldrup-Jorgensen J, Eskandari MK, Hamdan A, Mena-Hurtado C, Mewissen M, Smith T, Woo E, Cronenwett JL


  • Objective: The Bard LifeStent self-expanding stent is approved for the treatment of occlusive disease involving the superficial femoral artery and proximal popliteal artery. We conducted a post-market trial of treatment of the popliteal artery above and below the knee (P1, P2, and P3 segments) within the Society for Vascular Surgery Vascular Quality Initiative (VQI) Peripheral Vascular Intervention registry.Methods: A single-arm, prospective trial was conducted at 29 VQI sites in the United States, enrolling 74 patients from November 2016 to May 2019. The primary safety outcome was freedom from major adverse events including device-/procedure-related mortality and major amputation at 1 year. The primary efficacy outcomes were freedom from target vessel revascularization and freedom from target lesion revascularization at 1 year. Secondary outcomes included lesion success; procedural success; primary, primary-assisted, and secondary patency; and sustained clinical (improvement in Rutherford class) and hemodynamic success (increase in ankle brachial index >0.10). Outcomes were assessed by Kaplan-Meier analysis. Arteriogram of patients undergoing target lesion revascularization were assessed for stent fracture by a core laboratory.Results: The mean age was 71 years, with 63.5% male and 55% with diabetes. The indication was claudication 28% and chronic limb-threatening ischemia in 72%. The superficial femoral artery-popliteal artery was stented in 38% and the popliteal artery alone in 62%. The majority of stents were placed in the P1 + P2 (39%) or P1 + P2 + P3 (37%) segments of the popliteal artery. The composite primary endpoint of freedom from major adverse events was 82% and 74% at 1 and 2 years, respectively. Freedom from mortality was 100% and 97%, and freedom from major amputation was 100% and 90% at 1 and 12 months, with all deaths and major amputations occurring in patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia. freedom from target lesion revascularization was 86%, and freedom from target vessel revascularization was 84% at 12 months. At discharge, lesion treatment success was 99%, and procedural success was 82%. Primary patency was 80% and 72%, primary-assisted patency was 80% and 72%, and secondary patency was 89% and 82% at 12 and 24 months. Sustained clinical success was 98% and 95%, and sustained hemodynamic success was 100% and 79% at 12 and 24 months.Conclusions: In this multi-center, registry-based, single-arm prospective study the Bard LifeStent self-expanding stent demonstrated favorable performance in the challenging anatomy of the P2 and P3 popliteal segment. Post-market studies for label expansion of peripheral vascular intervention devices can be successfully conducted within the Society for Vascular Surgery VQI registry.

Publication date

  • 2023

Published in

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0741-5214

Number of pages

  • 9

Start page

  • 1489

End page

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  • 78


  • 6