Therapeutic approaches in hypertriglyceridemia-induced acute pancreatitis: A literature review of available therapies and case series Article

Full Text via DOI: 10.1002/jca.21763 PMID: 31724761 Web of Science: 000496285100001
International Collaboration

Cited authors

  • Joury, Abdulaziz; Alshehri, Mona; Mahendra, Arjun; Anteet, Mahmoud; Yousef, Mohammad A.; Khan, Abdul M.


  • Hypertriglyceridemia-induced acute pancreatitis (HGAP) is the third most common etiology of acute pancreatitis. HGAP can be attributed to genetic disturbances in triglyceride metabolism or multiple secondary causes. Here, we presented three cases for HGAP and explored different therapeutic approaches for treating HGAP. A case series of three patients who presented with HGAP and underwent different therapeutic approaches was conducted. The first patient was a 37-year-old male who presented with nonsevere HGAP; he was treated with conservative therapy with insulin and heparin infusion, which resulted in clinical and laboratory improvement. The second patient was a 64-year-old male with human immunodeficiency virus on multiple highly active antiretroviral therapy. He presented with severe HGAP and multiorgan failure. After initiation of therapeutic plasma exchange, his HGAP resolved. The third patient was a 28-year-old male who presented with recurrent episodes of HGAP; his conservative therapy failed and was eventually escalated to therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE). HGAP can be attributed to genetic disturbances of lipid or secondary etiologies. A nonsevere form of HGAP can be managed with conventional therapy including insulin and heparin; however, severe HGAP may require TPE.


Publication date

  • 2020

Published in

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0733-2459

Start page

  • 131

End page

  • 137


  • 35


  • 2