Recurrent Pneumothoraces in a Patient With Pulmonary Benign Metastasizing Leiomyoma Article

PMID: 29026364 Web of Science: 000419497000019

Cited authors

  • Hann, Miranda; Manacheril, Rinu; Pierre, Jerry St.; Gala, Rajiv


  • Background: Pulmonary benign metastasizing leiomyoma (BML) is a rare disease with a malignant characteristic of spread from the uterus. Most cases are asymptomatic, and only 1% are associated with pneumothorax.; Case Report: We present the case of a 42-year-old female with recurrent pneumothoraces leading to an incidental finding of diffuse bilateral pulmonary nodules. The diagnosis of BML was based on the patient's history of uterine leiomyomata and confirmed by a biopsy showing benign smooth muscle staining for desmin and vimentin.; Conclusion: BML should be considered in women with a history of leiomyomata who develop pneumothoraces resulting from peripheral pulmonary nodules. A standardized treatment regimen has yet to be established, and therapy plans require a multidisciplinary approach, involving gynecology, cardiothoracic surgery, and pulmonology.


Publication date

  • 2017

Published in

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1524-5012

Start page

  • 284

End page

  • 287


  • 17


  • 3