Sleep Physiology, Abnormal States, and Therapeutic Interventions Article

PMID: 22778676 Web of Science: 000420248500006

Cited authors

  • Wickboldt, Alvah T.; Bowen, Alex F.; Kaye, Aaron J.; Kaye, Adam M.; Bueno, Franklin Rivera; Kaye, Alan D.


  • Sleep is essential. Unfortunately, a significant portion of the population experiences altered sleep states that often result in a multitude of health-related issues. The regulation of sleep and sleep-wake cycles is an area of intense research, and many options for treatment are available. The following review summarizes the current understanding of normal and abnormal sleep-related conditions and the available treatment options. All clinicians managing patients must recommend appropriate therapeutic interventions for abnormal sleep states. Clinicians' solid understanding of sleep physiology, abnormal sleep states, and treatments will greatly benefit patients regardless of their disease process.

Publication date

  • 2012

Published in

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1524-5012

Start page

  • 122

End page

  • 134


  • 12


  • 2